What is Phoenician Glass ?

 The Phoenician glass was known in ancient times, with the coastal dunes between Tire and Ako in southern Venice providing the best sand for the production of glass, as the technique of glass blowing probably originated in the first century BC in this region.

The glass industry, especially in the cities of Tire and Sidon, was copied from ancient Egypt by the Phoenicians, but then it was developed into mass production.

Their glassworks made their first transparent glass, the technique of blowing glass was later developed. Glass products were popular commodities throughout the Mediterranean and beyond.

The Phoenician glass industry was an important economic branch and expanded the economic base of the Phoenician city-states

Phoenician glass works :

Phoenician art was not reduced to a specific area, it was as vast as it was varied: the work of glass, ceramics, metal, ivory, the creation of jewelry and beauty accessories, the making of purple, currencies

Between the share of science and that of legend, it boils down to saying that the glass manufactured and propagated by the Phoenicians was tinged with rich and variegated colors marrying various forms according to the use for which it was intended. For everyday use, we find cups, bottles and ointment vials while for luxury use they made glass beads and pendants for jewelry

The Phoenicians invented the blown glass that was a longtime specialty of Sidonians which spread to many commercial areas, thanks to the Phoenician marine currents to all regions of the ancient world.

How to manufacture Phoenician glass :

Glass products spread anciently around the world and were circulated throughout the Mediterranean basin. Where the Museums contains a large collection of "Phenic glass" bottles, made according to the process of immersion in molten glass by sticking a matrix of sand or ground, then fillet slices or colored powder is placed on the surface of the bottle to decorate it. Then let it cool down, and rub the inner part of the sand or floor vial that formed the matrix, before polishing

Ultimately, Phoenician art is generally known as a complex art based on global data. Its originality, far from being unique and innovative, is authentic to diverse art, people and "propaganda". It is primarily the result of a combination of influences in a region located at the crossroads of the ancient world, which is subject to multiple foreign presences and its frequency with various civilizations, and the Phoenician glass is one of the most important industries that the Phoenicians cared about.

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